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Joseph Campbell was a comparative mythologist who has best become known for his 1949 book The Hero with a Thousand Faces. In this book Campbell presents the concept of an archetypal hero whose journey (or 'character-arc') is repeated throughout worldwide mythologies and religions. This journey is termed the "Hero's Journey."
+
Joseph Campbell was a comparative mythologist who has become best-known for his 1949 book ''The Hero with a Thousand Faces''. In this book, Campbell presents the concept of an archetypal hero whose journey (or 'character-arc') he claims is repeated throughout worldwide mythologies and religions. This journey is termed the "Hero's Journey." He may be the inspiration for Mary and Samuel's surname "Campbell."
  
 
+
Eric Kripke has confessed his fascination with the Hero's Journey and his exploration of it within Supernatural.<ref>Kripke, Eric. 2008. [http://eclipsemagazine.com/supernatural-creator-eric-kripke-answers-fan%E2%80%99s-questions-%E2%80%93-part-iii/ ''Supernatural'' creator Eric Kripke answers fan questions: Part 3. Transcript of question-and-answer period at Salute to ''Supernatural'', Los Angeles, March 29-30]. ''Eclipse Magazine'', April 26; [http://archive.today/2013.06.29-020624/http://eclipsemagazine.com/hollywood-insider/5639/ archive link]</ref>. George Lucas is another director who has publicly acknowledged his use of the Hero's Journey arc (in Star Wars). It should be noted that, while Campbell is very popular with Hollywood writers -- a popular scriptwriting manual advises using the Hero's Journey as a model -- most academic folklorists and mythologists have little to no use for Campbell as a scholar.  While his work provides a nice template for telling a fictional story about a (Western, male) hero, his reductive, arbitrary, ethnocentric approach to diverse mythologies makes him an unreliable source for any serious study of myth. (See Trubshaw 2004 link below for a summary of the academic critiques of Campbell.)     
Eric Kripke has confessed his fascination with the Hero's Journey and his exploration of it within Supernatural (Jensen Ackles reveals this in a behind-the-scenes Supernatural special). Writer Julie Siege commented that Kripke "has a copy  of “The Hero With a Thousand Faces” on his bookshelf.<ref>[http://everyjoe.com/entertainment/supernatural-as-star-wars-in-truck-stop-america/ Interview with Julie Siege]</ref>
 
The name Campbell may be a reference to [[Joseph Campbell's Hero's Journey]] George Lucas is another director who has publicly acknowledged his use of the Hero's Journey arc (in Star Wars). It should be noted that, while Campbell is very popular with Hollywood writers -- a popular scriptwriting manual advises using the Hero's Journey as a model -- many academic folklorists and mythologists have little to no use for Campbell as a scholar.  While his work provides a nice template for telling a fictional story about a (Western, male) hero, his reductive, arbitrary, ethnocentric approach to diverse mythologies makes him an unreliable source for any serious study of myth. (See the "Foamy Custard" link below for a summary of the academic critiques of Campbell.)     
 
  
 
Campbell's book "The Hero with a Thousand Faces" makes a cameo in the opening sequence of [[1.02 Wendigo]].
 
Campbell's book "The Hero with a Thousand Faces" makes a cameo in the opening sequence of [[1.02 Wendigo]].
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Below is a reading of Season 1 (and speculation of beyond) within the Hero's Journey arc, as speculated by Leandra. Titles and subtitles refer to Campbell's dividing up of the Journey into chapters in the first part of The Hero with a Thousand Faces.
 
Below is a reading of Season 1 (and speculation of beyond) within the Hero's Journey arc, as speculated by Leandra. Titles and subtitles refer to Campbell's dividing up of the Journey into chapters in the first part of The Hero with a Thousand Faces.
  
 
+
==The Adventure of the Hero==  
== The Adventure of the Hero ==  
 
 
 
 
=== Chapter I: Departure ===
 
=== Chapter I: Departure ===
 
 
'''1. The Call to Adventure '''
 
'''1. The Call to Adventure '''
  
* [[1.01 Pilot (episode)]]<BR>
+
* [[1.01 Pilot]]<BR>
 
"Dad's on a hunting trip, and he hasn't been home in a few days." <br>
 
"Dad's on a hunting trip, and he hasn't been home in a few days." <br>
 
Sam is the hero and Dean is the one calling him into the adventure.  
 
Sam is the hero and Dean is the one calling him into the adventure.  
 
 
  
 
'''2. Refusal of the Call '''
 
'''2. Refusal of the Call '''
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* [[1.01 Pilot (episode)]]<BR>
 
* [[1.01 Pilot (episode)]]<BR>
 
"I swore I was done hunting." - Sam's reluctance to go with Dean, his return home for the law interview instead of continuing to search for John with Dean.  
 
"I swore I was done hunting." - Sam's reluctance to go with Dean, his return home for the law interview instead of continuing to search for John with Dean.  
 
 
  
 
'''3. Supernatural Aid '''
 
'''3. Supernatural Aid '''
  
* [[1.01 Pilot (episode)]]<BR>
+
* [[1.01 Pilot]]<BR>
Once the hero has comitted to the quest ("We got work to do!"), his guide appears or becomes known - in this case, Dean. He's the one protecting Sam, he's the one who "always has his back".  
+
Once the hero has committed to the quest ("We got work to do!"), his guide appears or becomes known - in this case, Dean. He's the one protecting Sam, he's the one who "always has his back".  
 
 
 
 
  
 
'''4. The Crossing of the First Threshold '''
 
'''4. The Crossing of the First Threshold '''
  
* [[1.01 Pilot (episode)]]<BR>
+
* [[1.01 Pilot]]<BR>
* [[1.02 Wendigo (episode)]]<BR>  
+
* [[1.02 Wendigo]]<BR>  
 
Leaving the hero's known world behind - Sam leaving his 'normal' college life and heading back on the road; in Wendigo, immediately after the Pilot, he literally heads into the wilderness.
 
Leaving the hero's known world behind - Sam leaving his 'normal' college life and heading back on the road; in Wendigo, immediately after the Pilot, he literally heads into the wilderness.
 
 
  
 
'''5. The Belly of the Whale'''  
 
'''5. The Belly of the Whale'''  
Line 49: Line 36:
 
The hero finally accepts what he has to do, he accepts his new self - Sam goes to find Dad on his own, then comes back to Dean of his own accord; accepting his lot on this journey as a hunter.
 
The hero finally accepts what he has to do, he accepts his new self - Sam goes to find Dad on his own, then comes back to Dean of his own accord; accepting his lot on this journey as a hunter.
  
=== Chapter II: Initiation ===
+
===Chapter II: Initiation===
 
 
 
'''1. The Road of Trials '''
 
'''1. The Road of Trials '''
  
 
Episode: all episodes<BR>
 
Episode: all episodes<BR>
 
The hero undergoes a series of tests and tasks - Sam (and Dean) coming up against a number of foes and situations they must overcome each episode.
 
The hero undergoes a series of tests and tasks - Sam (and Dean) coming up against a number of foes and situations they must overcome each episode.
 
 
  
 
'''2. The Meeting with the Goddess '''
 
'''2. The Meeting with the Goddess '''
  
 
Hero experiences a love that is unconditional. It is suggested that this unconditional love is represented by a soul mate, the hero's other half - this person can also be someone who is an opposite of the hero. This role is filled by Dean - there's no love more unconditional than the love the Winchester brothers have for each other, and we are reminded of this a couple of times throughout Season 1.
 
Hero experiences a love that is unconditional. It is suggested that this unconditional love is represented by a soul mate, the hero's other half - this person can also be someone who is an opposite of the hero. This role is filled by Dean - there's no love more unconditional than the love the Winchester brothers have for each other, and we are reminded of this a couple of times throughout Season 1.
 
 
  
 
'''3. Woman as the Temptress '''
 
'''3. Woman as the Temptress '''
  
Within Season 1, this could be characters such as [[Sarah]] ([[1.19 Provenance (episode)]]) or Lori ([[1.07 Hookman (episode)]]) 'luring' Sam away from the quest and back to a 'normal' life. In the grander arc, it could be something like being reunited with [[Jessica]]. The temptation doesn't need to be a woman at all, despite the name of this stage, but could come in any type or form.
+
Within Season 1, this could be characters such as [[Sarah]] ([[1.19 Provenance]]) or Lori ([[1.07 Hook Man]]) 'luring' Sam away from the quest and back to a 'normal' life. In the grander arc, it could be something like being reunited with [[Jessica]]. The temptation doesn't need to be a woman at all, despite the name of this stage, but could come in any type or form.
 
 
 
 
  
 
'''4. Atonement with the Father '''
 
'''4. Atonement with the Father '''
  
Episodes: 1.16 [[Shadow]], 1.20 [[Dead Man's Blood]], 1.21 [[Salvation]], 1.22 [[Devil's Trap]]<BR>  
+
Episodes: [[1.16 Shadow]], [[1.20 Dead Man's Blood]], [[1.21 Salvation]], [[1.22 Devil's Trap]]<BR>  
 
The person must confront the ultimate power in their life. Ostensibly John could fit into this role (for Sam), but also it could be "the only thing that's ever been important to us" - their quest for [[the Demon]].  
 
The person must confront the ultimate power in their life. Ostensibly John could fit into this role (for Sam), but also it could be "the only thing that's ever been important to us" - their quest for [[the Demon]].  
 
 
  
 
'''5. Apotheosis'''  
 
'''5. Apotheosis'''  
  
Episodes: 1.17 [[Hell House]], 1.18 [[Provenance]] <BR>
+
Episodes: [[1.17 Hell House]], [[1.19 Provenance]] <BR>
This is usually the part in a movie (right in the middle of one), before the really bad bad exciting things start to happen. It's the stage where the main characters usually fuck their brains out. Campell describes it as "dwell(ing) in the groves of the wish fulfilling trees, drink(ing) the brew of immortality, and listen(ing) everyhwere to the unheard music of eternal concord." In any case, it's the part in a story arch, where the character is rewarded, where they can take a break from their quest, or where their quest allows them to take a breather.
+
This is usually the part in a movie (right in the middle), before the really bad bad exciting things start to happen. It's the stage where the main characters usually fuck their brains out. Campbell describes it as "dwell(ing) in the groves of the wish fulfilling trees, drink(ing) the brew of immortality, and listen(ing) everywhere to the unheard music of eternal concord." In any case, it's the part in a story arc, where the character is rewarded, where they can take a break from their quest, or where their quest allows them to take a breather.
 
 
  
 
'''6. The Ultimate Boon '''
 
'''6. The Ultimate Boon '''
  
Achievement of the goal. Season 1 builts up to this ultimate goal - killing [[Celine Demon]] in the Season Finale, and it doesn't work out. Season 2 will probably revisit several stages of the hero's journey.
+
Achievement of the goal. Season 1 builds up to this ultimate goal - killing [[Celine Demon]] in the Season Finale, and it doesn't work out. Season 2 will probably revisit several stages of the hero's journey.
 
 
 
 
=== Chapter III: Return ===
 
  
 +
===Chapter III: Return===
 
'''The following steps in the Hero's Journey still lie ahead, and thus, the rest of this is complete speculation, following the structure of a Hero's Journey as a basic outline.'''
 
'''The following steps in the Hero's Journey still lie ahead, and thus, the rest of this is complete speculation, following the structure of a Hero's Journey as a basic outline.'''
 
  
 
'''1. Refusal of the Return '''
 
'''1. Refusal of the Return '''
  
 
This will be interesting, because so far it's been Sam who just wants to return to his normal life and Dean, who's asking him to stay. Usually, this also is the point where it looks like the journey is over, only the hero has "a bad feeling about this".
 
This will be interesting, because so far it's been Sam who just wants to return to his normal life and Dean, who's asking him to stay. Usually, this also is the point where it looks like the journey is over, only the hero has "a bad feeling about this".
 
  
 
'''2. The Magic Flight '''
 
'''2. The Magic Flight '''
  
 
The baddies aren't dead yet! This is usually the last escape... hero escaping with the price, hero must overcome the last obstacle.
 
The baddies aren't dead yet! This is usually the last escape... hero escaping with the price, hero must overcome the last obstacle.
 
  
 
'''3. Rescue from Without '''
 
'''3. Rescue from Without '''
  
 
The hero's guide or soulmate (probably Dean) will bring them back to life, often via (self-)sacrifice. This can be sacrificing oneself, or sacrificing something that is very dear, for the good of the hero.  
 
The hero's guide or soulmate (probably Dean) will bring them back to life, often via (self-)sacrifice. This can be sacrificing oneself, or sacrificing something that is very dear, for the good of the hero.  
 
  
 
'''4. The Crossing of the Return Threshold '''
 
'''4. The Crossing of the Return Threshold '''
  
 
Back into the normal world again. Sometimes, the hero returns to his normal world, but he's always altered. And sometimes, he'll be so altered he can't return to his normal world.  
 
Back into the normal world again. Sometimes, the hero returns to his normal world, but he's always altered. And sometimes, he'll be so altered he can't return to his normal world.  
 
  
 
'''5. Master of the Two Worlds '''
 
'''5. Master of the Two Worlds '''
  
 
The hero will learn to master both worlds. Speculatively: Sam will be able to lead his normal life, but Sam also will be okay with hunting the supernatural. He will make peace with those two aspects.  
 
The hero will learn to master both worlds. Speculatively: Sam will be able to lead his normal life, but Sam also will be okay with hunting the supernatural. He will make peace with those two aspects.  
 
  
 
'''6. Freedom to Live '''
 
'''6. Freedom to Live '''
Line 122: Line 91:
 
The Happy End.  
 
The Happy End.  
  
 +
==Further Reading==
  
== Further Resources ==
+
*Science Fiction Writers Workshop: [http://www.sfcenter.ku.edu/Workshop-stuff/Joseph-Campbell-Hero-Journey.htm Joseph Campbell's Hero's Journey]; [https://web.archive.org/web/20200427123733/http://www.sfcenter.ku.edu/Workshop-stuff/Joseph-Campbell-Hero-Journey.htm archive link]
 
 
* [http://www.skepticfiles.org/atheist2/hero.htm A practical guide to The Hero with a Thousand Faces]
 
 
 
* [http://www.members.optusnet.com.au/~mgoodin19/archtype.htm Archetypes in the Hero's Journey]
 
 
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hero_with_a_Thousand_Faces Wikipedia article for The Hero with a Thousand Faces]
 
 
 
* [http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/foamycustard/fc005.htm Foamy Custard:  An Overview of Mythological Theory (Critique of Campbell)]
 
  
* [http://kentawolf.livejournal.com/1514.html "Why do I hafta be some kind of hero?" A Hero's Journey Analysis of Supernatural: Season One Part I] by kentawolf
+
*Trubshaw, Bob. 2004. "[http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/foamycustard/fc005.htm An Overview of Mythological Theory]." ''Foamy Custard''; [https://web.archive.org/web/20190213155526/http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/foamycustard/fc005.htm archive link]
  
* [http://bardicvoice.livejournal.com/1409.html Sueprantural: A hero's Journey] by badicvoice
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==Meta==
 +
<div style="-moz-column-count:2; -webkit-column-count:2; column-count:2;">
 +
*[https://crumpeteer.livejournal.com/219371.html Supernatural vs. Fairy Tales] by crumpeteer (July 2006) by crumpeteer; [https://web.archive.org/web/20190527172626/https://crumpeteer.livejournal.com/219371.html archive link]
 +
*[https://bardicvoice.livejournal.com/1409.html Supernatural University: Taking the Hero's Journey] by bardicvoice (June 2007); [https://web.archive.org/web/20120308073925/https://bardicvoice.livejournal.com/1409.html archive link]
 +
*“Why do I hafta be some kind of hero?”: A Hero’s Journey Analysis of Supernatural Season One, [https://kentawolf.livejournal.com/1514.html Part I] and [https://kentawolf.livejournal.com/1732.html Part II] by kentawolf (September 2007); [http://archive.today/ShiLB archive link part 1], [http://archive.today/ne3Cl archive link part 2]
 +
*“Why do I hafta be some kind of hero?”: A Hero’s Journey Analysis of Supernatural Season Two, [https://kentawolf.livejournal.com/3467.html Part I] by kentawolf (October 2007); [http://archive.today/9iqZG archive link]
 +
*[https://jkateel.tumblr.com/post/49738376432/sam-winchester-its-time-to-die-symbolically Sam Winchester: It's Time To Die ... Symbolically] by jkateel (May 2013); [https://web.archive.org/web/20190330113839/http://jkateel.tumblr.com/post/49738376432/sam-winchester-its-time-to-die-symbolically archive link]
 +
*[https://someoneworthfinding.tumblr.com/post/55667462539/the-heros-journey-in-supernatural-season-8-or The Hero’s Journey in Supernatural Season 8 (or: "Why Sam Winchester has to Die")] by someoneworthfinding (July 2013); [http://archive.today/oazg0 archive link]
 +
*[https://persephoneshadow.tumblr.com/post/81960181143/the-winchester-heros-journey-carver-and The Winchester Hero’s Journey - Carver and Campbell] by persephoneshadow (April 2014); [https://web.archive.org/web/20190527165938/https://persephoneshadow.tumblr.com/post/81960181143/the-winchester-heros-journey-carver-and archive link]
 +
</div>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{refs}}
+
{{reflist}}
  
[[Category:Library]]
+
[[Category:Library]][[Category:Meta]][[Category:Popular Culture]][[Category:Books & Technology]]
[[Category:Meta]]
 
[[Category:Popular Culture]]
 
[[Category:Books & Technology]]
 

Latest revision as of 04:42, 16 May 2020

Joseph Campbell was a comparative mythologist who has become best-known for his 1949 book The Hero with a Thousand Faces. In this book, Campbell presents the concept of an archetypal hero whose journey (or 'character-arc') he claims is repeated throughout worldwide mythologies and religions. This journey is termed the "Hero's Journey." He may be the inspiration for Mary and Samuel's surname "Campbell."

Eric Kripke has confessed his fascination with the Hero's Journey and his exploration of it within Supernatural.[1]. George Lucas is another director who has publicly acknowledged his use of the Hero's Journey arc (in Star Wars). It should be noted that, while Campbell is very popular with Hollywood writers -- a popular scriptwriting manual advises using the Hero's Journey as a model -- most academic folklorists and mythologists have little to no use for Campbell as a scholar. While his work provides a nice template for telling a fictional story about a (Western, male) hero, his reductive, arbitrary, ethnocentric approach to diverse mythologies makes him an unreliable source for any serious study of myth. (See Trubshaw 2004 link below for a summary of the academic critiques of Campbell.)

Campbell's book "The Hero with a Thousand Faces" makes a cameo in the opening sequence of 1.02 Wendigo.

Below is a reading of Season 1 (and speculation of beyond) within the Hero's Journey arc, as speculated by Leandra. Titles and subtitles refer to Campbell's dividing up of the Journey into chapters in the first part of The Hero with a Thousand Faces.

The Adventure of the Hero

Chapter I: Departure

1. The Call to Adventure

"Dad's on a hunting trip, and he hasn't been home in a few days."
Sam is the hero and Dean is the one calling him into the adventure.

2. Refusal of the Call

"I swore I was done hunting." - Sam's reluctance to go with Dean, his return home for the law interview instead of continuing to search for John with Dean.

3. Supernatural Aid

Once the hero has committed to the quest ("We got work to do!"), his guide appears or becomes known - in this case, Dean. He's the one protecting Sam, he's the one who "always has his back".

4. The Crossing of the First Threshold

Leaving the hero's known world behind - Sam leaving his 'normal' college life and heading back on the road; in Wendigo, immediately after the Pilot, he literally heads into the wilderness.

5. The Belly of the Whale

Episodes: 2-6, coalescing in 1.11 Scarecrow (episode)
The hero finally accepts what he has to do, he accepts his new self - Sam goes to find Dad on his own, then comes back to Dean of his own accord; accepting his lot on this journey as a hunter.

Chapter II: Initiation

1. The Road of Trials

Episode: all episodes
The hero undergoes a series of tests and tasks - Sam (and Dean) coming up against a number of foes and situations they must overcome each episode.

2. The Meeting with the Goddess

Hero experiences a love that is unconditional. It is suggested that this unconditional love is represented by a soul mate, the hero's other half - this person can also be someone who is an opposite of the hero. This role is filled by Dean - there's no love more unconditional than the love the Winchester brothers have for each other, and we are reminded of this a couple of times throughout Season 1.

3. Woman as the Temptress

Within Season 1, this could be characters such as Sarah (1.19 Provenance) or Lori (1.07 Hook Man) 'luring' Sam away from the quest and back to a 'normal' life. In the grander arc, it could be something like being reunited with Jessica. The temptation doesn't need to be a woman at all, despite the name of this stage, but could come in any type or form.

4. Atonement with the Father

Episodes: 1.16 Shadow, 1.20 Dead Man's Blood, 1.21 Salvation, 1.22 Devil's Trap
The person must confront the ultimate power in their life. Ostensibly John could fit into this role (for Sam), but also it could be "the only thing that's ever been important to us" - their quest for the Demon.

5. Apotheosis

Episodes: 1.17 Hell House, 1.19 Provenance
This is usually the part in a movie (right in the middle), before the really bad bad exciting things start to happen. It's the stage where the main characters usually fuck their brains out. Campbell describes it as "dwell(ing) in the groves of the wish fulfilling trees, drink(ing) the brew of immortality, and listen(ing) everywhere to the unheard music of eternal concord." In any case, it's the part in a story arc, where the character is rewarded, where they can take a break from their quest, or where their quest allows them to take a breather.

6. The Ultimate Boon

Achievement of the goal. Season 1 builds up to this ultimate goal - killing Celine Demon in the Season Finale, and it doesn't work out. Season 2 will probably revisit several stages of the hero's journey.

Chapter III: Return

The following steps in the Hero's Journey still lie ahead, and thus, the rest of this is complete speculation, following the structure of a Hero's Journey as a basic outline.

1. Refusal of the Return

This will be interesting, because so far it's been Sam who just wants to return to his normal life and Dean, who's asking him to stay. Usually, this also is the point where it looks like the journey is over, only the hero has "a bad feeling about this".

2. The Magic Flight

The baddies aren't dead yet! This is usually the last escape... hero escaping with the price, hero must overcome the last obstacle.

3. Rescue from Without

The hero's guide or soulmate (probably Dean) will bring them back to life, often via (self-)sacrifice. This can be sacrificing oneself, or sacrificing something that is very dear, for the good of the hero.

4. The Crossing of the Return Threshold

Back into the normal world again. Sometimes, the hero returns to his normal world, but he's always altered. And sometimes, he'll be so altered he can't return to his normal world.

5. Master of the Two Worlds

The hero will learn to master both worlds. Speculatively: Sam will be able to lead his normal life, but Sam also will be okay with hunting the supernatural. He will make peace with those two aspects.

6. Freedom to Live

The Happy End.

Further Reading

Meta

References